Upanishads dating

Rated 3.95/5 based on 505 customer reviews

The Vedic texts assert that they were skillfully created by Rishis (sages), after inspired creativity, just as a carpenter builds a chariot.The various philosophical theories in the early Upanishads have been attributed to famous sages such as Yajnavalkya, Uddalaka Aruni, Shvetaketu, Shandilya, Aitareya, Balaki, Pippalada, and Sanatkumara.Women, such as Maitreyi and Gargi participate in the dialogues and are also credited in the early Upanishads.

With the translation of the Upanishads in the early 19th century they also started to attract attention from a western audience.The Shvetashvatara Upanishad, for example, includes closing credits to sage Shvetashvatara, and he is considered the author of the Upanishad.Many scholars believe that early Upanishads were interpolated and expanded over time.Scholars are uncertain about when the Upanishads were composed.The chronology of the early Upanishads is difficult to resolve, states philosopher and Sanskritist Stephen Phillips, because all opinions rest on scanty evidence and analysis of archaism, style and repetitions across texts, and are driven by assumptions about likely evolution of ideas, and presumptions about which philosophy might have influenced which other Indian philosophies.

Leave a Reply